Liberal Government’s Fall Economic Statement Pledges to Boost Housing Supply But Warns of Higher Spending

Fall Economic Statement

Minister of Finance Chrystia Freeland speaks at a news conference before the tabling of the Fall Economic Statement in Ottawa on Nov. 21, 2023. Photo: Justin Tang/The Canadian Press

Canada’s deficit spending will be much higher than forecast in March and its debt will come down more slowly, Finance Minister Chrystia Freeland said on Tuesday in the mid-year fiscal update, pledging new measures to boost housing supply.

With interest rates at a two-decade high and inflation still elevated, Prime Minister Justin Trudeau’s Liberal government is under pressure to curb spending, which the central bank warned is stoking inflation.

As Canadians struggle with higher living costs, housing affordability has emerged as the main criticism against the federal government. That is one of the reasons opinion polls show Trudeau badly trailing his main rival, Conservative leader Pierre Poilievre. An election is not due until 2025.

Finance Minister Chrystia Freeland said she understood that after three tough years that Canadians were worn out and frustrated.

“What Canadians deserve today is for us to address the very real pain that so many are feeling,” she said in prepared remarks to legislators after releasing the government’s Fall Economic Statement (FES) in Ottawa on Tuesday.

The FES includes a number of measures aimed at boosting housing supply, including $15 billion in new loan financing from 2025-26 to spur apartment construction, an extra $1 billion over three years to fund dedicated to building affordable housing, and new mortgage rules for lenders dealing with homeowners at risk amid high interest rates.

It also commits to clamping down on short-term rental companies like AirBnB by denying income-tax deductions incurred to make money from short-term rentals in provinces where such the practice is illegal.


Higher Spending


The fiscal year 2024/25 and 2025/26 deficits will be much higher than had been forecast. The deficit is seen at $38.4 billion in 2024/25 and $38.3 billion in 2025/26, compared with March estimates of $35.0 billion and $26.8 billion respectively.

The federal debt-to-GDP ratio will rise in 2024/25 for a second consecutive year to 42.7 per cent before it begins declining, a year later than had been previously forecast.

“They’re pushing back the beginning of the debt decline,” said Robert Asselin, senior vice president of policy at the Business Council of Canada. “That suggest to me they’re not on a sustainable fiscal track and they need to rein in their spending.”

The finance ministry has said it targets a declining federal debt-to-GDP ratio in the medium term as a fiscal anchor. The government has pledged to ensure the ratio stayed on a downward track after 2024/25.

“The government recognizes it is constrained in how much it can spend, but it’s spending up to that line all the time,” said Randall Bartlett, an economist at Desjardins Group. “To me that doesn’t speak to prudence.”

The Bank of Canada hiked rates to a 22-year high of 5.00 per cent between March of last year and July of this year. It has since held them steady, but warned that they could go higher if inflation — at 3.1 per cent in October — does not come down to its 2 per cent target.